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Namutoni served as control post from 1897 onwards during a rinderpest epidemic. Later, when the rinderpest was gone, the fort was used to control the trade with Ovamboland. In 1906 it was put under the leadership of the German Adolph Fischer who became the first warden of the Etosha National Park in 1907, which was at that time five times as big as it is today. Its size was reduced in order to create room for the Herero and Damara people. The fort is a National Monument since 1950, and the camp was opened to tourists in 1957.